Muslims across the globe are set to celebrate Eid al-Fitr. This is as the month of fasting and reflection, Ramadan comes to an end.
Eid el-Fitr, the first of the two Eids celebrated in the Islamic calendar, is set to hold on Friday. It takes place after the dawn-to-dusk fasting observed throughout the holy month of Ramadan. Ramadan is held during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is a time for spiritual reflection, spending time with loved ones, and charitable work.
Meanwhile in Nigeria, the Nigerian Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs has announced the sighting of the moon. It unofficially marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan in Nigeria. This automatically makes Friday the day for the Eid 2018 celebration. The Eid however marks the beginning of the tenth Islamic month of Shawwal.
The NSCIA, headed by the Sultan of Sokoto in a tweet on its official Twitter handle said the Sultan of Sokoto, Saad Abubakar, is set to make an official announcement to that effect.
Eid el-Fitr Meaning
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Eid al-Fitr is an Arabic phrase which literally translates to “festival of breaking the fast.”
When is it Celebrated?
The Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle. Quite unlike the Gregorian calendar, which is determined by the sun.
Due to this, the exact date of Eid depends on when the first crescent of the new moon is sighted, and changes every year.
It can also vary by region, as the new moon is sighted at different times by local religious authorities.
Across the World
The International Astronomical Centre in Abu Dhabi had earlier reported that Friday is the expected date “in most Islamic countries including Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Kuwait and Qatar.”
Official Eid announcements are usually made within an hour or two of sunset because the new moon rises and sets with the sun.
Eid al-Fitr follows the fasting month of Ramadan. The Iraqi government announced the holiday would end on Tuesday.
How to Wish Someone a Happy Eid?
Wishing someone a happy Eid doesn’t have to be an elaborate event. You may simply say ‘Eid Mubarak’, which is Arabic for ‘blessed Eid’.
Eid Mubarak is pronounced in English like ‘eed mu-buh-ruck’
However in Hausa communities which has the highest number of Moslems in Nigeria, it is common to hear “Barka da Sallah”
Note that Eid al-Fitr is different from Eid al-Adha, which takes place two months later. Eid al-Adha is the festival coinciding with Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca.
Eid al-Adha is known as the “sacrifice feast” and sees an animal sacrificed to feed the poor, friends, and family. It is seen as the holier of the two Eids.